Types of Water Filtration Systems

We all need water. We all want clean water. So if you want to be sure your family has the cleanest water, what type of water filtration system should you purchase? It depends on how much you want to spend, what contaminants you want to remove, and how much work you’re willing to commit. Here are some of the primary choices:

Carbon/Activated Carbon: There is a wide range of carbon filters. Some only remove chlorine and improve taste and odor. Some remove a wide range of contaminants, including asbestos, lead, mercury and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Keep in mind, though, that activated carbon cannot effectively remove common “inorganic” pollutants such as arsenic, fluoride, hexavalent chromium, nitrate and perchlorate.

Ceramic: Ceramic filters have small holes throughout the material that block solid contaminants such as cysts and sediments. They do not remove any chemical contaminants.

Deionization: These kinds of filters remove mineral salts and other electrically charged molecules (ions) from water. They cannot remove non-ionic contaminants (including trihalomethanes and other common VOCs) or microorganisms.

Reverse Osmosis: This process pushes water through a membrane that blocks particles larger than water molecules. It can remove many contaminants not removed by activated carbon, including arsenic, fluoride, hexavalent chromium and nitrates but doesn’t remove chlorine, trihalomethanes or VOCs. Many systems do include an activated carbon component. Reverse osmosis filters use 3-to-20 times more water than they produce, so they are only used for drinking and cooking water.

Water Softeners: These devices typically use an ion exchange process to lower levels of calcium and magnesium. They do not remove most other contaminants.

When shopping, if you’re looking to remove a particular contaminant, verify that it is certified for that contaminant by a reputable, independent agency.

Also, read the fine print. Some filters are labeled “NSF certified.” This is a reputable company, but its certifications are not all the same.

Have a concern with your electrical, plumbing or air conditioning? Central Carolina Air Conditioning, Plumbing and Electrical is here to help! We offer 24 hour emergency service 7 days a week!  Give us a call! 1-800-461-3010 to speak with our customer service agents that can answer your questions or schedule an appointment!

Winterize Your Sprinkler System

 

 

images-3Did you know that water can remain in your irrigation system even after you’ve drained it? If that’s the case for your system, that means it could potentially freeze and expand during the cold winter months, then crack the PVC piping. Even with the more flexible polyethylene pipe, it can still expand under pressure and water inside can rupture the pipe walls.

To avoid this happening, implement the winterizing techniques like those listed below. If you don’t know what type of system you have its best to use the blowout method.

Manual Method and Automatic Method: 

  • If manual valves are at the end and low points of the irrigation piping, use the manual drain method. Shut off the irrigation water supply and open all the manual drain valves.
  • If automatic drain valves are at the end and low points of the irrigation piping, use the automatic drain method. Shut off the irrigation water supply (in the basement) and activate a station to relieve the system pressure.
  • In both methods, after the water has drained, open the boiler drain valve (or the drain cap on the stop and waste valve) and drain all the water that remains. Open the test cocks on the backflow device. If your sprinklers have check valves, pull up on the sprinklers to let water drain out of the bottom of the sprinkler body. When all the water has drained out, close the drain valves.

Blow Out Method: 

This method involves blowing out an irrigation system with compressed air. It is best to hire a professional to perform this type of winterization method as it takes particular knowledge as well as stringent safety precautions.

Have a concern with your electrical, plumbing or air conditioning? Central Carolina Air Conditioning, Plumbing and Electrical is here to help! We offer 24 hour emergency service 7 days a week!  Give us a call! 1-800-461-3010 to speak with our customer service agents that can answer your questions or schedule an appointment!

Updating Your Kitchen for High-End Appliances

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Professional-style kitchen appliances are becoming increasingly available and popular in everyday homes. If you’re considering upgrading your kitchen by installing these types of appliances, there are some things to consider and tips to make sure it’s all done safely.

First, think about your kitchen size. Many kitchens will simply be too small for these items. You will need about three feet of space for the refrigerator, three feet of freezer space and four to five feet for a commercial-style range. Also, some of the ranges are very heavy and require a special base. Many manufacturers do offer smaller models, so check their specifications.

Consider the burners and ventilation hoods. Many high-end ranges and cooktops have burners that can exceed 20,000 BTUs and require hoods that can handle up to 1,200 CFM. This is almost 10 times the typical amount. To ensure proper ventilation, add up the total BTUs of the range burners, divide by 100, and then you’ll get the number of CFMs needed. For example, a range with a total output of 70,000 BTUs should be equipped with a hood capable of moving 700 CFMs. This will help prevent issues with heat, grease, smoke and moisture.

Houses with high-power hoods may need to install an air makeup unit to replace the air that the ventilation is removing from the home. This is because the removal of too much air can be dangerous with the use of
chimneys and furnaces.

Lastly, any customizations involving electric extensions or plumbing work is best handled by a professional if you aren’t sure of what you’re doing.

Have a concern with your electrical, plumbing or air conditioning? Central Carolina Air Conditioning, Plumbing and Electrical is here to help! We offer 24-hour emergency service 7 days a week!  Give us a call! 1-800-461-3010 to speak with our customer service agents that can answer your questions or schedule an appointment!

Warm Up with Heated Floors

 

You’re getting out of your warm bed to go to the bathroom and yikes! You step onto a freezing bathroom floor. Well, that doesn’t have to be the case this winter if you install radiant floor heating. Below are a few options for you to consider:

Electric Radiant Heating

Electric radiant heat uses electrical cables, sometimes attached to a mesh padding, installed over your subfloor. Your choice of flooring is then installed on top of the electric cables. That said, you don’t even have to remove your existing floors if you don’t want to. Instead, you may consider installing the cables underneath your subfloor. To do this, you’d need to access your joist bays through a crawl space or basement.

Radiant heating works best with ceramic tile and vinyl. Electric radiant heat is the less labor-intensive option of the two choices and is less expensive to install. However, it can increase your electric bill slightly. By keeping the heated floor in smaller areas such as bathrooms—while using programmable thermostats—you can keep the cost low.

Hydronic Radiant Heating

With a hydronic system, a boiler is used to heat water, which is contained in water tubing that runs throughout the house, to between 100 to 120 degrees. The tubing can be embedded in a concrete slab or over an existing slab. It can also be fitted into specially designed panels. This type of system can be used with any type of flooring, but you may want to use engineered wood instead of hardwood flooring, which can warm with high humidity. A hydronic system has higher installation costs than electric radiant systems, but can cost less monthly with lower thermostat settings and higher efficiency. Experts often recommend this type of heating for larger areas.

Have a concern with your electrical, plumbing or air conditioning? Central Carolina Air Conditioning, Plumbing and Electrical is here to help! We offer 24 hour emergency service 7 days a week!  Give us a call! 1-800-461-3010 to speak with our customer service agents that can answer your questions or schedule an appointment!